Alcohol/Alkyl halide names

Alcohols and alkyl halides are essential materials in organic synthesis. Their names build from the basic rules developed for alkanes with the addition of the appropriate functional group. Including the alcohol and halide groups in molecules then leads to an additional level of structural complexity, which will be described as chirality below.

chirality: asymmetry in organic chemistry

As molecules become more complicated a new type of isomerism reveals itself, namely asymmetry, which we will see in alkenes and many alkane derivatives. So-called stereoisomers differ by their arrangement of the same atoms in space in orientations that cannot, under normal conditions, interconvert. The most important examples will be stereoisomeric alkenes and chirality at sp3 carbon.